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It is particularly useful in Antarctica[1], because of a number of factors[2]: Cosmogenic nuclide dating is effective over short to long timescales (1,000-10,000,000 years), depending on which isotope you are dating.

Different isotopes are used for different lengths of times.

This long period of applicability is an added advantage of cosmogenic nuclide dating.

Cartoon illustrating cosmogenic nuclide exposure ages. A glacier transports an erratic boulder, and then recedes, exposing it to cosmic rays.

Assuming that the boulder remains in a stable position, and does not roll or move after deposition, this boulder will give an excellent As well as using cosmogenic nuclide dating to work out the past extent of ice sheets and the rate at which they shrank back, we can use it to work out ice-sheet thicknesses and rates of thinning[5, 6].

Cosmogenic nuclides are rare nuclides that form in surface rocks because of bombardment by high-energy cosmic rays[3].

These cosmic rays originate from high-energy supernova explosions in space.

Several factors can affect cosmogenic nuclide dating: rock type, attenuation of cosmic rays, topographic shielding, post-depositional movement, and burial and cover by snow, vegetation or earth.

Geologists must ensure that they choose an appropriate rock.

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